Quality and safety management of perioperative care

Patient safety is a fundamental attribute of the quality of health services and, in particular, of surgical patient care. Perioperative care will only be of quality if the risks of harm to the patient are reduced and controlled. The standardization of perioperative tasks can contribute to the reduction of adverse events, quality control and cost reduction. Specific quality projects should focus on the planning, implementation and monitoring of aspects that involve the systematic implementation of good safety practices in perioperative care, with critical analysis of hospital accreditation processes on items related to surgical patient care. The standardization of care processes, surgical program management and patient care in perioperative medicine can have positive results ranging from professional qualification to risk reduction and increased safety of procedures. Work instructions through documents or standard operating procedures (SOPs) are important quality tools to achieve expected results for each task performed.

Faculty: Prof. José Otávio Costa Auler Junior

Innovation, incorporation and technological evaluation of equipment and materials used in the perioperative period

Development of scientific-technological projects related to the processes of development, evaluation, incorporation, use and technological disposal of perioperative equipment, drugs and materials. The objective is to critically analyze the perioperative monitoring, the study of the Brazilian legislation on the subject and the criteria for incorporation and disposal of equipment and materials, as well as encouraging the technological increase of available technological solutions. On the other hand, it is known that morbidity and mortality related to perioperative pulmonary complications infers the need for continuous improvement of ventilatory assistance equipment and techniques used in the surgical patient. Projects aimed at technological improvement and critical analysis of available technologies for airway access, mechanical ventilation and respiratory physiotherapy should contribute to the optimization of the postoperative outcome.

Faculty: Prof. Maria José Carvalho Carmona

Health teaching-learning methodologies and processes

Andragogy and perioperative teaching-learning processes are dynamic and require targeted actions for students to deepen and broaden the meanings elaborated through their active participation. On the other hand, the teacher must perform continuous reflective work and be available to follow the learner's evolution. Specific projects should focus on the critical analysis of the teaching tools used and the results obtained. Methodologies such as lectures, hands-on learning, training workshops, simulation and the use of crisis and conflict management tools should be analyzed together in order to achieve greater teaching efficiency.

Faculty: Prof. José Otávio Costa Auler Junior

Information and communication systems in perioperative medicine

Most of adverse events related to anesthetic-surgical care are associated with communication failures between the participants in patient care or between them and the patient. The development of high performance teams involves improving and coordinating communication and the judicious use of information technology in the various stages of care and in managing the data and indicators derived from it. Specific scientific-technological projects can contribute to error minimization, staff improvement, cost optimization and increased care security.

Faculty: Dr. Marcelo Luis Abramides Torres, Prof. Maria José Carvalho Carmona